Bladder Infection Causes
Bladder infection is the most common infection among men and women. It is also called as an inflammation of the bladder or cystitis. The urethra, the tract from the bladder where urine exist in the body is shorter in females than in males. This results in a greater possibility of bladder infection among women as compared men. There are numerous bladder infection causes.
E-coli bacteria, that lives in the gut is one of the most common bladder infection causes. Through sexual intercourse, e-coli bacteria infect the urinary tract. When a woman has vaginal intercourse, the bacteria easily reach the bladder via the urethra. An infection called as honeymoon cystitis is contracted by women every time they have sex.
Using diaphgrams as a method of birth control makes women more vulnerable to bladder infection. This is because the bladder is pressed by the device and is prevented from emptying completely. The stagnant urine left behind in the bladder contains rapidly reproduced bacteria. The risk of bladder infection is increased by bladder infection causes condoms and use of spermicides. Maintaining cleanliness during sexual intercourse reduces the chances of bladder infection.
Some physical conditions also account for bladder infection causes. Recurrent bladder infection is found among person suffering from kidney-stone. The kidney stones block the urinary tract which becomes inflamed and results in bacteria causing infection. Women undergoing menopause suffer from paralysis due to incomplete removal of urine from the bladder. Suppressed immune systems also make a patient vulnerable to bladder infection. Bladder infection is often associated with diseases like Aids and diabetes. Person taking frequent immunosuppressant medications may also be vulnerable to bladder infection. Proper hygiene helps to stay away from this infection.
The bacteria called as chlamydia trachomatis is another bladder infection causes. STD is caused by these bacteria. These bacteria get transmitted to female during sex by her male partner. Pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility may be caused if STD is not treated in time. Products like soap, bubble bath, bath gel, hygiene products, spermicidal jellies and lubricants contain chemicals to which some women are sensitive. The natural lining of the vagina and some mucoses are weakened when a person sits for a long in soapy water or bubble bath. This results in bladder infection among women. Non-breathable panty like nylon, satin or other style in hot weather also causes bladder infection.
If a person does not empty his bowel for long time, it gives rise to bladder infection. When a person uses the restroom, the bacteria that have made its way up to the bladder are urinated. However when a person holds the urine too long, the bacteria gets the time to set in and cause infection. During menopause, woman undergoes changes in hormone. The vaginal lining around urethra breaks down due to the decrease in estrogen which makes it vulnerable to the bacteria. Other bladder infection causes include improper wiping techniques. If the toilet paper comes in contact with the genitals when wiping the anus, bladder infection is caused. Proper cleanliness can help in avoiding bladder infection.
Bladder Infection Complications
Bladder infection is a common bacterial infection. It is not a serious ailment and can be treated easily. It is also called as Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). Bladder infection is annoyances that cause urinary discomfort. But if not treated properly, it can lead to bladder infection complications.
If the bacteria in the bladder are not killed through the treatment or treatment is at all not taken, the bacteria may move upwards into kidneys through the urinary tract. Pyelonephritis can develop in bladder infected patient when the bacteria enter the kidney. Pyelonephritis is potentially life threatening. Bladder infection complications can lead to permanent damage of the kidneys as the bacteria damages the cells of the kidney. Symptoms such as high fever, back pain, blood during urination, frequent and urgent feel for urination are shown by the patients with the damaged kidneys or the patient showing bladder infection complications. Such patients need urgent medical examination.
The other bladder infection complications include sepsis. When bladder infection is left untreated, it can spread to the bloodstreams and other parts of the body. This is known as sepsis. The leading step to bladder infection complication in young children and elderly patients are at high risk of developing sepsis. Sepsis in the patients shows symptoms including fever, chills, rashes, breathing difficulties, increased heart beats and also dizziness. Sepsis needs to be treated immediately otherwise it can become a life threatening disease. Bladder infected expecting women have high health risk for both mother and child. UTI in Pregnant women have high chance of delivering low weight babies and premature infants. Pregnant ladies suffering from bladder infection have higher risk of developing bladder infection complications.
Women suffering from bladder infection should be treated before their delivery period to avoid further complications during delivery. General urine test should be performed regularly in pregnant women to keep a check for bacterial growth which leads to ultimate complication. Infant development problems and delivery complications can be avoided by treating the infected lady immediately. Scarring in the kidneys, renal hypertension and even kidney failure are the post bladder infection phases in adults. Structural abnormalities and many other predisposing diseases are noted in UTI infected adults. Bladder infection should not be overlooked. Prompt treatment should be taken in order to save oneself from developing the complications. Once the complication develops, rigorous treatment should be taken as the complications are severe and can be keep your life at stake. Sometimes bladder infection are not taken seriously or mistaken for some other infection, hence it is important to detect the infection and take necessary medicines to cure it.
Bladder infection complications may take time to be cured, but through precaution and regular treatment, one can be relieved. It is important to note that bladder infection show symptoms easily and a mild infection can be cured with home remedies. Thus these complications pose great threats in a person’s life and they may become worse at times. Thus, they must be handled very carefully.
Bladder Infection Prevention
Bladder infection can be avoided by following some effective preventive measures. Bladder infection prevention includes simple things to follow. The foremost thing is to drink lots of water.-at least 8 to 10 glasses a day. Water helps flush out the toxins from the body. Cranberry juice is effective in removing the upsetting bacteria from the system. Hence unsweetened cranberry juice can prevent bladder infection.
Antibiotics of low dosage should be consumed by the people having frequent bladder infection. One must include vitamin C in the diet. Vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, makes difficult for the bacteria to survive as it makes the urine acidic. In order to prevent the infection, one must drain the bladder often. Holding the urine for long can cause the infection. Bladder infection prevention also includes exercising 30 minutes a day. One must avoid caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods as they can irritate the bladder further. As Urinary tract infection is common frequent in women than in men, they must take specific bladder infection prevention. One must urinatebefore and after sexual intercourse. One must avoid Feminine hygiene sprays. Scented douches must also be avoided. The urethra may get irritated due to that.
Usage of irritating contraceptives such as diaphragms and spermicides are known to cause infection. They must be avoided. Genital areas should be kept clean. Clean and cotton underwear should be used. Wipe from front to back bowel movements. Urinate after having sex to help wash away bacteria. Dairy, wheat, corn, preservatives should be avoided. Healthy cooking oils such as vegetable oils or olive oil must be used. Antioxidant foods including fruits like blueberries, cherries, tomatoes and vegetables such as bell peppers and squash must be consumed.
Refined foods such as pastas, sugars and white breads must be avoided. High fiber foods such as oats, root vegetables, potatoes, yams and psyllium seeds must be included in the diet. One must reduce the intake of crackers, cookies, French fries, cakes, onion rings, processed foods, donuts and margarine. A lot of fatty acids are contained in it. Taking showers instead of bath will also prevent the bacteria entering in the urethra. Bladder infection prevention has common things to include and exclude from the daily life. It can be followed easily and one can always stay from the infection and if infected can be cured easily. Some techniques may work, some may not. However, these things have no side effects and hence they can surely be tried. This can prevent the painful symptoms that are brought by the infection.
Bladder infection is commonly called as urinary tract infection. It is a bacterial disease and can be treated easily. There are a number of causes which increases the chance for developing urinary tract infection. Bladder infection risk factors differ from men to women and children. Men above the age of 50 years begin to develop prostate problems. The prostate glands enlarge which obstruct the urinary tract and can cause bladder infection. Bladder infection in men is more serious and they are more likely to be hospitalized as compared to women. Prostatitis which is the infection of the prostate gland is the cause of recurrent bladder infection among men.
Women show high risk of bladder infection risk factors, because UTI’s are more frequent in women as compared to men. The female urethra is short. It is only 1.5 inches compared to 8 inches in men. This poses a high chance for the women to get the infection. Bacteria can easily enter the urethra. Frequent or recent sexual activity is also one of the bladder infection risk factors in young women. Sexual intercourse can cause bladder infection. It is estimated that around 80% of the infections are caused within 24 hours of intercourse.. Celibate women does not have chance to get infected with this bacterial disease. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is one of the important bladder infection risk factors among children. Vesicoureteral reflux is a condition that let the urine to flow back into the kidneys and the uterus, causing recurrent bladder infections. Bladder infection is more common in boys than in girls in the first few months of life. Uncircumcised boys are more prone to the urinary tract infection as compared to circumcised boys. However, this difference is only up to 1 years of age. 33 out of 100 people in their old age are infected with the bladder infection. Hence care must be taken as elderly people have high risk of the infection. The main causes of high risk of bladder infection among elderly are lack of consumption of adequate liquids, immobility or decreased mobility, placement in nursing home and bowel incontinence.
The hospitalized patients may suffer from urinary infection. The cause of the infection here is different from the common cause. Patients undergoing some urinary procedures or any other treatment related to urethra can suffer from bladder infection. Elderly men admitted for a long period and patients with severe medical conditions may also suffer from urinary infection. Structural abnormalities of the urinary tract cause urine to stagnate or flow backward into the upper urinary tract. This lead to incomplete drainage of the urine which let the bacteria breed easily and cause infection. Other bladder infection risk factor includes, being diabetic, urinary incontinence etc. Apart from these, certain blood types allow bacteria to more easily breed into the urinary tract leading to repeated bladder infection. Identifying the risk factors allows one to be prevent and prepared for the infection. Thus, one should have a proper knowledge of all the risk factors.
Antibiotics For Bladder Infection
To treat urinary tract infection, the first choice is often antibiotics. Antibiotics help in the easy treatment of very painful bladder infection. The antibiotics for bladder infection include beta-lactam that is made from penicillin, cephalosporins and some other similar drugs. Many a times, amoxicillin is been prescribed by the physicians to treat the bacterial infection in the body. It treats bladder infection and any other urinary tract infections. The bacteria that cause infection are killed by amoxicillin. Sometimes, a combination of amoxicillin with clavulanate potassium is used to treat bladder infection. This antibiotic should be taken with food to avoid nausea and upset of the stomach. The organisms like gram-positive, enterococcus species and s. saprophyticus can be treated with the help of amoxicillin.
Some infections don’t respond to treatment. For such treatment, cephalosporins are used as antibiotics for bladder infection. This anti-biotic cephalaspoirns include cephadroxil, cephalexin, cefuroxime, loracarbef and cefixime.pivmecillinam, another beta-lactum drug is used in Europse for treatment of bladder infection. Trimethroprim-sulphamethoxazole, commonly called as TMP-SMX is a three day course for treatment of bladder infection. Patients allergic to sulpa drugs and those whose infections occurred after the dental work should avoid these antibiotics for bladder infection. Those allergic to sulpa drugs are given only trimethroprim. Oral contraceptives can be less effective because of these antibiotics.
Other antibiotics for bladder infection are fluoroquinolones which are widely used as TMP-SMX. It is used as an alternative for TMP-SMX. Ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin and levofloxacin are examples of quinolones. This antibiotic causes adverse-effects in children and hence pregnant women should avoid the use of it. A part of cephalosporin antibiotics called as cefaclor helps in the treatment of bladder infection. Bacterial infection caused by staphylococcus aureus bacteria, streptococccus and e-coli is therapeutically fought by cefaclor. Diarrohea and nausea are common side-effects of this anti-biotic.
Doxycycline, tetracycline and minocycline are included in the antibiotic tetracyclines. Infections caused by chlamydia or Mycoplasma can be treated with tetracycline or doxycycline, antibiotics for bladder infection. Tooth discoloration, possible burning in the throat and skin reactions to sunlight are some side-effects of tetracycline. Due to these side effects, pregnant women and children shouldn’t take this antibiotic. Bladder infection caused by methicillin-susceptible staphylococcus aureus can be treated by the antibiotic levofloxacin. This antibiotic treats strains of bacteria which is difficult because of its resistance factors. If there a serious bacterial infection, aminoglycosides is given by an injection. This antibiotic cannot be given alone. It is often combined with gentamicin to treat secer urinary tract infection. Some of the side-effects of this antibiotic includes damage to hearing, kidneys and sense of balance.
An antibiotic that is used as an alternative to TMP-SMX to treat urinary tract infections is called as nitrofurantoin. It interacts with many drugs and is taken for 7 days. Kidney infections cannot be treated with the help of this antibiotic.It frequently causes stomach upset. Several symptoms would persist as long as antibiotics do not eleminate the bacteria effectively. Thus the antibiotics must be chosen very carefully.
Bladder Infection Treatment
There are number of options available when it comes to bladder infection treatment. It depends on the intensity of the infection. Also bladder infection treatment differs from children to women and to men. If one notices some of the slight symptoms of bladder infection then bladder infection treatment can be taken at home itself. We can try home remedies such as drinking plenty of water and cranberry juice. These remedies are very effective in removing and uprooting the bacteria from the system. The toxins can also be flushed out by drinking plenty of water.
If the infection continues, one must visit the physician. The treatment will be based on how sick the patient is. Mostly, antibiotics are prescribed to kill the bacteria and painkillers and anti-inflammatories are suggested to relieve form the associated pain, burning sensation and discomfort. Ninety percent of all patients who get a bladder infection will get rid of the bacteria within the first few antibiotic dosages. Here, it is important to note that; antibiotics can be successful only in the short term and can worsen the situation in the long term. The overuse of antibiotic weakens the immune system. Lots of good bacteria can be killed by the drugs.
The potential side effects that are associated with antibiotics and over the counter drugs can be avoided by home and natural remedies for infections. A number of homeopathic and effective herbal bladder infection treatment remedies have been discovered over the centuries. The symptoms of bladder infection as well as underlying causes can be very well addressed by these treatments. Thus, a long-lasting solution is given. Most common treatments include a combination of herbs such as Lemon Balm, Buchu, Billberry, St.John’s Wort etc. These herbs contain antibacterial properties. The immune system is strengthened and a benign environment is created in the urinary tract. This is not at all supportive of bacteria.
Patients who have a serious infection and shows symptoms such as bloody urine and severe pain are usually given IV antibiotics and they need to be admitted in the hospital. They may be suffering from kidney infection which can lead to kidney damage. In some individuals, changes are required in the antibiotic treatment. In addition, certain antibiotics must not be used by pregnant and pediatric patients. One common example of such antibiotic is Cipro or ciprofloxacin. This should not be consumed by pregnant patients and children as it has several side effects. However, Cephalosporins and penicillins are considered to be very safe for all age groups. However, the best bladder infection treatment is prevention. If necessary prevention such as drinking lot of water, not delaying in emptying the bladder, drinking unsweetened cranberry juice etc. is taken, one can be saved from getting infected with bladder disease. Though bladder infection is not a very dangerous disease and can be cured easily, it must not be ignored. The treatment should be started as soon as the symptoms are noted.